The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) was formed in 1993 as a not-for-profit organization to develop and disseminate international consensus statements or guidelines for resuscitation.
The ILCOR mission is to:
“…identify and review international science and information relevant to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and emergency cardiovascular care (ECC) and to offer consensus on treatment recommendations” (Hazinski, Nolan, et al.)."
ILCOR has seven member organizations that lead a process to review and grade scientific data on resuscitation, first aid, and treatment that has been published throughout the world. The organizations review relevant data from thousands of published articles, grade and rank the articles based on their quality, and determine whether the new evidence is supportive, neutral, or opposing to existing evidence. The best new evidence is then compared to existing standards and ILCOR consensus statements are made to influence improvement of the current standards.
The seven member organizations represent distinct geographies where differences exist in economic conditions, practice patterns, availability of medical equipment and drugs, and ease of training. Despite these differences, “All ILCOR member organizations are committed to minimizing international differences in resuscitation practice and to optimizing the effectiveness of resuscitation practice, instructional methods, teaching aids, and training networks” (Hazinski, Nolan, et al.). The member organizations are:
- The American Heart Association
- The European Resuscitation Council
- The Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
- The Australian and New Zealand Committee on Resuscitation
- The Resuscitation Council of South Africa
- The InterAmerican Heart Foundation
- The Resuscitation Council of Asia
These member organizations take the final ILCOR recommendations and tweak them as appropriate for their geography. For example, some 23% of deliveries in The Netherlands occur at home, and The European Resuscitation Council standards reflect this divergence from the international norm. ILCOR guidelines are updated every five years and are usually incorporated in the Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) and Basic Life Support (BLS) curricula within one year of their release.